Benedict Arnold was an early American hero of the Revolutionary War who later became one of the most infamous traitors in U. At the outbreak of the war, Arnold participated in the capture of the British garrison of Fort Ticonderoga in Yet Arnold never received the recognition he thought he deserved. Inhe entered into secret negotiations with the British, agreeing to turn over the U. The plot was discovered, but Arnold escaped to British lines.
Benedict Arnold was born on January 14,in Norwich, Connecticut. His mother came from a wealthy family, but his father squandered their estate.
Benedict arnold, american traitor, born
As a young man, Arnold apprenticed at an apothecary business and served in the militia during the French and Indian War InArnold, who became a prosperous trader, married Margaret Mansfield. Later that year, Arnold led an ill-fated expedition on a harrowing trek from Maine to Quebec.
The purpose of the expedition was to rally the inhabitants of Canada behind the Patriot cause and deprive the British government of a northern base from which to mount strikes into the 13 colonies. Early in the battle, Arnold received a grave wound to his leg and was carried to the back of the battlefield.
The assault continued, but failed miserably. Hundreds of American soldiers were killed, wounded or captured, and Canada remained in British hands.
By the later part ofArnold had recovered sufficiently from his wound to once again take the field. He played a crucial role in hindering a British invasion from Canada into New York in the autumn of that year. On October 11,the American fleet surprised its foe near Valcour Bay.
Despite his heroic service, Arnold felt he did not receive the recognition he deserved. He reed from the Continental Army in after Congress promoted five junior officers above him. General George Washingtonthe commander in chief of the Continental Army, urged Arnold to reconsider. Arnold reed the army in time to participate in the defense of central New York from an invading British force under General John Burgoyne in the fall of In the battles against Burgoyne, Arnold served under General Horatio Gatesan officer whom Arnold came to hold in contempt.
The antipathy was mutual, and Gates at one point relieved Arnold of his command. Ten days later, Burgoyne surrendered his entire army at Saratoga.
The norwich galleries
News of the surrender convinced France to enter the war on the side of the Americans. Once again, Arnold had brought his country a step closer to independence. Meanwhile, Arnold seriously wounded the same leg he had injured at Quebec in the battle. Rendered temporarily incapable of a field command, he accepted the position of military governor of Philadelphia in While there, his loyalties began to change. During his term as governor, rumors, not entirely unfounded, circulated through Philadelphia accusing Arnold of abusing his position for his personal profit.
Arnold and his second wife, with whom he would have five children, lived a lavish lifestyle in Philadelphia, accumulating substantial debt.
Benedict arnold's early life
The debt and the resentment Arnold felt over not being promoted faster were motivating factors in his choice to become a turncoat. He concluded that his interests would be better served assisting the British than continuing to suffer for an American army he saw as ungrateful.
By the end ofArnold had begun secret negotiations with the British to surrender the American fort at West Point, New York, in return for money and a command in the British army. West Point remained in American hands, and Arnold only received a portion of his promised bounty.
Arnold soon became one of the most reviled figures in U. Ironically, his treason became his final service to the American cause. ByAmericans had grown frustrated with the slow progress toward independence and their numerous battlefield defeats.
After fleeing to the enemy side, Arnold received a commission with the British army and served in several minor engagements against the Americans. After the war, which ended in victory for the Americans with the Treaty of Paris inArnold resided in England. He died in London on June 14,at age The British regarded him with ambivalence, while his former countrymen despised him.
How to meet women: the best places to find like-minded souls
Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Arnold was a successful merchant and smuggler.
Arnold attended private schools during his adolescence, but was forced to end his education at age 14 after his merchant seaman father fell on hard times and slipped into alcoholism. Young Benedict spent the next eight years as Benedict Arnold was once a patriotic war hero valued by George Washington and admired by his men. But now his name is synonymous with traitor. What could have led Arnold to ruin his legacy by betraying his fellow Americans during the Revolutionary War? Though various sightings of unidentified flying objects UFOs were reported over hundreds of years before the mids, World War II marked the beginning of a new phase of interest.
Benedict Arnold is now known mostly as a notorious Revolutionary War traitor who secretly tried to sell out the fort at West Point in exchange for a payoff and a commission in the British Army. But except for a few unfortunate twists of fate, Arnold instead might have gone down On December 31,during the American Revolutionary WarPatriot forces under Colonel Benedict Arnold and General Richard Montgomery attempted to capture the British-occupied city of Quebec and with it win support for the American cause in Tadeusz Kosciuszko was a skilled engineer with a military education by the time he arrived in the American colonies from Poland in Offering his services to the revolutionary cause, he masterminded a key British defeat at Saratoga and oversaw the building of military British forces occupied New York in Augustand the city would remain a British stronghold and a major naval base for the duration of the Revolutionary War.
Though getting information from New York on British troop movements and other plans was critical to General George It included two crucial battles, fought eighteen days apart, and was a decisive victory for the Continental Army and a crucial turning point in the Revolutionary Live TV. This Day In History. History Vault. Recommended for you. Arnold Ropeik on the Concentration Camps.
Battles of Lexington and Concord. Paul Revere. Kenneth Arnold Though various sightings of unidentified flying objects UFOs were reported over hundreds of years before the mids, World War II marked the beginning of a new phase of interest.
Battle of Quebec On December 31,during the American Revolutionary WarPatriot forces under Colonel Benedict Arnold and General Richard Montgomery attempted to capture the British-occupied city of Quebec and with it win support for the American cause in Tadeusz Kosciuszko Tadeusz Kosciuszko was a skilled engineer with a military education by the time he arrived in the American colonies from Poland in