Included are a short filmactivist oral historiesresearch reportsnewspaper reportsphotographic collectionsmapshistorical documents. It can be viewed online in several formats. Activist Oral Histories Click to learn more about these activists and watch video excerpts of their oral history interviews.
Raised in Georgia, she moved to Seattle in A sheet metal worker, she worked at Boeing for three years, then spent three decades working in Seattle area hospitals. He is currently active with the Panther Legacy Committee. He served as Captain from to He served as Field Marshall and coordinator of the breakfast program for the chapter. Larry Gossett grew up in Seattle's Central District and attended the University of Washington where he co-founded the Black Student Union and helped lead off-campus protests in the late s.
He is a longtime leader at LELO.
She served as first director of Head Start in Seattle, and was the first black woman elected to the Seattle School Board. After ing the Black Panther Party inLeon Hobbs used his military experience to train Seattle Chapter members in weapons and tactics.
He later served as bodyguard to Huey P. Herman Lanier was a sheet metal worker in the early s and an active member in the United Construction Workers Association. Samuel McKinney came to Seattle in and led Mt. Zion Baptist Church for 40 years. He played a key role in the civil rights mobilizations of the s.
In he arranged the one and only Seattle visit for his former college classmate, Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. He left the party after its first year. Born in Seattle, her father was a Communist Party member and helped organize the International Longshoremen and Warehousemen's Union in the s. A member of the Black Panther Party fromGary Owens had grown up in Seattle and served in the military before ing.
Among other things, he handled the party's Speakers Bureau. She helped create LELO Northwest Labor and Employment Law Office and was involved in enforcing pioneering court decisions that mandated affirmative action in the local construction industry.
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An electrician and long time activist, Fred Simmons was raised in St. After moving to Seattle, he apprenticed as an electrician. He is also active in LELO. Co-founder of Seattle's CORE chapter inJoan Singler helped organize campaigns against employment discrimination in grocery stories and downtown department stores, against housing discrimination, and against police harassment of African Americans. One of only three Japanese Americans to the Black Panther Party, Mike Tagawa was born in an internment camp, grew up in Seattle, and served in the military before ing the party in Mayor of Seattle from toUhlman presided over one of the most turbulent and ificant eras in Seattle's history.
Only 34 years old when he took office and more liberal than his predecessors, Uhlman changed the tone of city politics. Bettylou Valentine moved to Seattle in to attend graduate school. An NAACP activist, she ed CORE in the early s and helped organize campaigns against employment discrimination in grocery stories and downtown department stores, against housing discrimination, and against police harassment of African Americans. Marion was able to purchase a home in the racially restricted University District in the s, but when neighbors discovered that she was married to Ray, and that they would rent the building out to people of color, they were driven from their home by harrasment, including a cross burning.
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Bobby White ed the Black Panther Party inshortly after returning home to Seattle after military service in Vietnam. John Yates was one of the first black apprentice insulators in the early s and an active member in the United Construction Workers Association. Untilracial restrictive covenants prevented certain racial minorities from purchasing homes in specific King County neighborhoods, segregating Seattle and shaping its racial demography. This essay details the history of racial restrictive covenants in different King County neighborhoods, charting both the legal and social enforcement of racial covenants and the struggles to prohibit them.
The Coon Chicken Inn was a popular roide restaurant in Seattle from The Congress of Racial Equality mounted a concerted campaign to end employment discrimination in Seattle. This essay examines the tactics of the campaign and evaluates methods of the small but very active CORE chapter.
This essay details the campaign and its impacts. In a crushing defeat for civil rights, Seattle voters overwhelming rejected a ballot measure that would have made it illegal to discriminate on the basis of race in the sale or rental of housing.
When members of the BSU took over the administration building on May 20,they began a sequence of activism that transformed the University of Washington and helped rearrange the priorities of higher education in Washington State. When the administration refused, the BSU launched some of the most militant demonstrations of the era.
The Aeronautical Workers union fought the demand for open hiring and it was only when the federal government intervened that the company and the union gave up the white-only employment policy. Occurring during the heat of the civil rights movement inthe shooting inspired local African American community leaders to demand justice.
Historically the construction trades have been a bastion of white, male unionism. In an era of American history marked by racial segregation and anti-immigrant attitudes, Washington was an anomaly: the only state in the west, and one of only eight nationwide, without laws banning racial intermarriage. When anti-miscegenation bills were introduced in both the and sessions of the Washington State Legislature, an effective and well-organized coalition led by the African American, Filipino, and Labor communities mobilized against the measure. Wife of publisher Horace Cayton Sr.
This biographical essay uses her writings to provide a window into her personal life and to help clarify her dual commitments to her family and her community. Frank Jenkins was a second generation Seattle longshoreman and one of the first African Americans to hold leadership positions in the International Longshore and Warehouse Union.
This biography tells the story of a pioneer black union leader who helped promote civil rights activism in his union and in his community. On February 19,a group of Communists involved in the League of Struggle for Negro Rights decided that discrimination toward African Americans and Filipinos in Seattle must come to an end.
Led by a young, African American,Revels Cayton, the group entered a Seattle City Council meeting demanding laws that would make discrimination based on race illegal. This essay examines the activism of Revels Cayton, son of the prominent middle class black leaders Horace and Susie Cayton, brother of the influential sociologist Horace Cayton, Jr. When do we want it?
Led by electrician Tyree Scott, workers used direct action to challenge institutional barriers to African American employment in Seattle. In the process, they became pioneers in shaping the early national politics of affirmative action. This essay explores the first three years of the Seattle chapter of the Black Panther Party from its founding by Black Student Union members in through the crisis negotiated by Mayor Wes Uhlman. The essay is presented in three parts. Organized labor in Seattle was very active and was seen by many people as even radical, with the Seattle General Strike of being given for evidence.
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In relation to the African American community though, the labor movement was anything but radical. Seattle unions were often racist and excluded Blacks from their ranks. At other times they voiced support for Blacks, but in actuality they did little to erase the color bar in unions. The CP was one of the first left groups to take up the issue of racism and oppression. During the s, s, and s, the CP made important strides in the areas of union desegregation, public education about racial injustices, and legal support for civil rights activities.
Founded inthe Afro American Journal was a consistent voice for Black Power and community control. No issue was more important to the newspaper than education. Congressional hearings into actitivites of Black Panther Party The online encyclopedia of Washington State history has dozens of articles on African American historical topics.
Here links…. Black Heritage Society of Washington State.
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Valuable collections of photographs, documents, and oral histories. Part of the photographic collection can be viewed online at King County Snapshots. The Seattle Open Housing Campaign, Adams, John H. Gossett, Larry Larry Gossett grew up in Seattle's Central District and attended the University of Washington where he co-founded the Black Student Union and helped lead off-campus protests in the late s.
Johnson, Charles V. Lanier, Herman Herman Lanier was a sheet metal worker in the early s and an active member in the United Construction Workers Association. McKinney, Samuel Rev. Singler, Joan Co-founder of Seattle's CORE chapter inJoan Singler helped organize campaigns against employment discrimination in grocery stories and downtown department stores, against housing discrimination, and against police harassment of African Americans.
Smith, Charles Z. Tagawa, Mike One of only three Japanese Americans to the Black Panther Party, Mike Tagawa was born in an internment camp, grew up in Seattle, and served in the military before ing the party in Uhlman, Wes Mayor of Seattle from toUhlman presided over one of the most turbulent and ificant eras in Seattle's history.
Valentine, Bettylou Bettylou Valentine moved to Seattle in to attend graduate school. Yates, John John Yates was one of the first black apprentice insulators in the early s and an active member in the United Construction Workers Association. Facebook .